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Term Definition
California Employment Lawyers Association

The California Employment Lawyers Association (CELA) is a statewide organization of attorneys representing employees in termination, discrimination, wage and hour, and other employment cases.

California Equal Pay Law

The California Equal Pay Law requires employers to provide equal pay for equal work at the same establishment without regard to sex

California Government Code Section 11135

California Government Code section 11135 applies to employers who receive financial assistance from the State of California. The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of ethnic group identification, religion, age, sex, color and physical or mental disability.

California Labor Code Section 132a

California Labor Code section 132a prohibits discrimination against workers who are injured at work, or in the course and scope of their employment and subsequently file a workers’ compensation claim or receive workers’ compensation benefits.

California Labor Commissioner's Office

The mission of the California Labor Commissioner's Office is to ensure a just day's pay in every workplace in the State and to promote economic justice through robust enforcement of labor laws. By combating wage theft, protecting workers from retaliation, and educating the public, we put earned wages into workers' pockets and help level the playing field for law-abiding employers. This office is also known as the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement (DLSE).

California Wage Orders

California Wage Orders (Wage Orders) are created by the Industrial Welfare Commission (IWC) and set the standards and principles which govern minimum wages, overtime compensation, meal periods, breaks, and other conditions of employment for employees in the State of California.

Case law

The law as established in previous court decisions. A synonym for legal precedent. Akin to common law, which springs from tradition and judicial decisions.

Cause of action

A legal claim.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women.

Civil Rights Act of 1991

The Civil Rights Act of 1991 broadened the remedies available under Title VI. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 authorizes jury trials and the award of compensatory and punitive damages in certain cases filed under Title VII.

Class Action

lawsuit in which one or more members of a large group, or class, of individuals or other entities sue on behalf of the entire class. 

Collective Bargaining Agreement

A Collective Bargaining Agreement is an agreement reached by negotiations between members of a union and usually set out wage scales, working hours, training, health and safety, overtime, grievance mechanisms, and rights to participate in workplace or company affairs.

Common law

The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States, which relies on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. Common law principles can be changed by legislation.


A written statement that begins a civil lawsuit, in which the plaintiff details the claims against the defendant.

Constructive Termination

Forcing an employee to resign due to intolerable working conditions, including being asked to break the law or refrain from reporting a violation of the law.